Russia and the United States are slowly reducing their nuclear arsenals but are modernizing their capabilities according to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) annual report.
The SIPRI said that there were 455 fewer nuclear warheads at the start of 2016 among nine nuclear states than a year earlier. The United States, Russia, Britain, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel, and North Korea together had a total of 15,395 nuclear warheads at the start of 2016, including 4,120 that were deployed operationally. The total number of nuclear warheads in those countries at the start of 2015 was 15,850, the press release stated Monday.
Global nuclear-weapon inventories "have been declining since they peaked at nearly 70,000 nuclear warheads in the mid-1980s," Researchers Shannon Kile and Hans Kristensen stated in the report.
The decline has been due primarily to cuts made by Russia and the United States, the report said.
But they said "the pace of their reductions appears to be slowing compared with a decade ago, and neither Russia nor the United States...has made significant reductions in deployed strategic nuclear forces since the bilateral New START treaty" came into force in 2011.
SIPRI estimated that Russia had 7,290 nuclear warheads, including tactical, at the beginning of 2016, and the United States had 7,000.
It said that accounts for 93 percent of the nuclear weapons in the world.
It estimated France has 300 nuclear weapons, followed by China with 260, Britain with 215, Pakistan with 110 to 130, India with 100 to 120, Israel with 80, and North Korea with 10.
SIPRI also said that "None of the nuclear weapon-possessing states are prepared to give up their nuclear arsenals for the foreseeable future," and that Washington and Moscow both have "extensive and expensive nuclear modernization programs."
SIPRI said India is strengthening its nuclear-capable ballistic-missile program and speeding up its production of plutonium while its regional rival, Pakistan, is developing battlefield nuclear weapons in response to India’s stronger conventional forces.
The SIPRI report said Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal "may increase significantly" during the next decade.
The report concluded that the prospects worldwide for "genuine progress towards nuclear disarmament remain gloomy."
SIPRI’s report was based on open sources, including data from governments and the International Atomic Energy Agency.
But SIPRI said many nuclear-capable states were "non-transparent."
The report said SIPRI was unable to verify whether the secretive country of North Korea, which conducted its first nuclear test in 2006, has been able to produce or deploy operational nuclear weapons.
According to a study published by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) in its annual nuclear forces data, Pakistan still has higher number of nuclear warheads than India and also beats Israel and North Korea. The report comes just days after disgraced nuclear scientist AQ Khan, father of Pakistan's nuclear programme, claimed that the country had the ability to hit India in five minutes
With a total of 48 submarines on order in export deals by the end of 2015 and other orders that include Australian, Indonesian and Indian submarine contracts coming up this year, submarine sales are expect to grow significantly. The advent of submarine technology now offers underwater endurance lasting several weeks and is equipped with ling-range anti-ship missiles and torpedoes and land-attack missiles
Eleven Russian firms are now ranked in the Stockholm International Peace Research Institutes (SIPRI) Top 100 defense companies for 2014 compared to nine in 2013. According to the report published Monday, Three companies entered the Top 100 in 2014
Chinas North Industries Corporation (NORINCO) and the Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC) may have ranked among the top ten defense companies worldwide by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) in a recent report on global military industry. The SIPRI Top 100 arms-producing companies, 2014 report published Monday states that due to lack of data and based on reasonable estimate of arms sales for most companies Chinese companies couldn't be added to the list
India continues to dominate global defense exports, importing nearly three times as many weapons as neighbors China and Pakistan in the past five years, according to Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). The total volume of arms sales was up 14 percent in 2009-13 compared to the previous five years, according to the Swedish think tank
South Korean companies recorded a 20.6% increase in arms sales during 2016 compared to a year ago leading a pack of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)s ‘emerging producers category which covers companies based in Brazil, India, South Korea and Turkey
Boeings Ground Based Strategic Deterrent (GBSD) program to replace the nuclear-armed Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) completed its first key review with the U S Air Force. The review validated program technical requirements prior to the design and development phase of Americas next intercontinental ballistic missile system, a Boeing release said
India is making progress with efforts to raise its arsenal of nuclear weapons while upgrading technology for an assured strike-back, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) stated in its annual report. India has added about 10 more nuclear warheads to its arsenal, which was estimated at 110-120 in 2016,
Russia has plans to deploy unified missiles for Poliment-Redut shipborne air defense systems and land-based S-350 Vityaz air defense mid-range systems. Poliment-Redut is derived from the land-based Vityaz air defense system, which uses the 9M96 medium-range air defense missile,
Russia's Kalashnikov Concern will conclude field tests of fifth-generation AK-12 and AK-15 assault rifles by end of June. "Military trials of AK-12 and AK-15 will be completed in the second quarter of 2017," Abramov, head of Rostec's armaments cluster, was quoted as saying by
Despite opposition from Moscow, Ukraine's Ukroboronprom has decided to pitch for Indian contracts for the supply of components and repair of Russian-origin aircraft of the Indian Air Force, Director General Pavlo Bukin told Defenseworld.net in an interview.
Segments such as Network Centric Warfare, Radars, Weapon systems, Electronic Warfare & Avionics, Military Communications and Electro Optics are likely to drive the Companys growth in the future, says M V Gowtama, Chairman & Managing Director, Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL).
Yuri Slyusar, recently appointed President of Irkut Corporation, Russia commented on the structural changes in his organization and the impact this would have on future of the corporation and on important products of Russian aviation manufactured at the Irkutsk Aviation...
Airstrike-hit Syrian Facilities had no Chemical Weapons
Fincantieri Delivers Seventh FREMM Vessel to Italian Navy
NATO Member Turkey Invites Russia for Its Debut Eurasia Airshow
Airbus, Lockheed Martin, Boeing Bid for German Tornado Fighter Jet Replacement Program
One of the most interesting exhibits at the Dubai Air show 2017 occupies a corner in the Aviation Industries Corporation...
While investigators in India are following up on the money trial in the AgustaWestland VVIP helicopter scandal, the leads as...
With over 451 submarines in service worldwide, the global market of submarines fleet is expected to surge up to $100...
Amid the proliferation of real-time data from sources such as mobile devices, web, social media, sensors, log files and transactional...
Helmets for pilots and ground troops do much more than stopping bullets
As the role of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) expands from traditional low-resolution reconnaissance to high-res video and infra-red besides precision-attack,...