The US government has sanctioned several Russian firms, businessmen for engaging in cyber-attacks as well as assisting Russian military and intelligence services.
Five Russian firms and three executives from one of them have been imposed sanctions by the US treasury department under the legislation passed last year and an executive order aim at punishing efforts to hack into US computer systems.
The sanctions freeze any assets that they may have in the US jurisdictions and bar US citizens from doing business with them, Associated Press reported Monday.
"The United States is engaged in an ongoing effort to counter malicious actors working at the behest of the Russian Federation and its military and intelligence units to increase Russia's offensive cyber capabilities," Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said in a statement. He said the sanctions targeted entities that have "directly contributed to improving Russia's cyber and underwater capabilities" that jeopardize "the safety and security of the United States and our allies."
The department said the sanctions were a response to a number of cyber-attacks, including last year's Not Petya attack, as well as intrusions into the US energy grid and global network infrastructure. It also said that Russia had been tracking undersea cables that carry the bulk of the world's telecommunications data.
The companies affected are: Digital Security with offices in Moscow and St. Petersburg, and its subsidiaries ERPScan and Embedi, which have offices in Russia, Europe and Israel; St. Petersburg- and Moscow-based Kvant Scientific Research Institute; and Divetechnoservices of St. Petersburg. The three sanctioned men are Aleksandr Lvovich Tribun, Oleg Sergeyevich Chirikov, and Vladimir Yakovlevich Kaganskiy. They all work for Divetechnoservices.
The United States efforts to dissuade its allies and partners from buying large defense systems from Russia using the Countering America's Adversaries through Sanction Act (CAATSA) seems to be running into a brick wall with India, Turkey and Saudi Arabia likely to go ahead with S-400 missile defense systems purchase from Moscow. The CAATSA requires that the countries that have significant defense cooperation with Russia can be sanctioned by the US for no fault of theirs except that they have entered into a commercial buyer-seller agreement with a Russian defence industry entity
Turkey has vowed to retaliate if the United States sanctions Russian S-400 missile purchase, Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said during a diplomatic meeting with Secretary of State Mike Pompeo in Washington early this week. "If the United States imposes sanctions on us or takes such a step, Turkey will absolutely retaliate," Cavusoglu said Sunday
India might face US sanctions for its purchase of S-400 air defense system from Russia under the Countering Americas Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA). India is likely to request the US to exempt its sanctions over Russia to clear its path to purchase S-400 air defense system from Moscow
The US Statement Department on Thursday turned over a list containing over a dozen Russian-defense and intelligence entities to Congress for implementation of new sanctions against Moscow. The
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