India today deployed an indigenously-made Airborne Early Warning and Control System (AEWACS) mounted on an Embraer aircraft in the aerial strike against terror group based in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir making it the first time such a system has been used in combat by the Indian Air Force (IAF).
The IAF on Tuesday carried out pre-dawn air strikes on terror camps in Balakot, Muzaffarabad and Chakoti, across the Line of Control (the unofficial border between India and Pakistan in Kashmir region) using 12 Dassault Mirage 2000 single-engine multirole fighter jets guided by Heron UAVs and an Embraer EMB-145 AWACS aircraft, various media reported.
The Embraer AWACS were deployed to help the IAF carry out surveillance on enemy Air Defence systems and warn the attacking jets to track any Pakistani fighter jets which could have been deployed to fend off the IAF Mirage planes.
The Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C) System is developed by India’s Defense Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Centre for Airborne Systems (CABS). It is also referred to as DRDO NETRA AEW&CS system, commonly referred to as “the eye in the sky.” The system is mounted on Embraer EMB-145 aircraft which had been procured at the cost of $300 million (INR 21 billion) a few years ago.
On Twitter, many military aviation watchers claimed to have noticed the AEW&C mounted aircraft hovering over New Delhi during the purported strike and could have been used for coordinating the Mirage 2000 fighters’ attack.
Mission system control (MSC) of the AEW&C system incorporates all the data from sensors to enable control of the target airspace. It assesses threats using data received from the on-board sensors and other sources, and presents the Air Situation Picture (ASP).
The system mainly comprises of a primary active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar and secondary surveillance radar (SSR/IFF). The SSR provides Electronic Support Measures (ESM) and Communication Support Measures (CSM) that identifies and classifies the threats based on the emissions from them. It also serves as a Friend or Foe identification system. The surveillance aircraft is also equipped with an air-to-air refuelling probe for longer endurance (upto 9 hours with one air-to-air refuelling).
The Radar Warning Receiver (RWR) which is integrated into the ESM system, Missile Approach Warning System (MAWS) and Counter Measures Dispensing system (CMDS) forms a Self Protection Suite (SPS). Data Handling and Display System (DHDS) will present the Air Situation Picture on Operator Work Station (OWS) and will provide communication facilities to interact with the system.
Israel Aerospace Industries’ (IAI’s) Heron medium-altitude long-endurance unmanned aerial vehicle (MALE-UAV) was also used in the operation, according to some media reports.
The Heron drone can stay airborne up to 52 hours at up to 10.5 km. The UAV can carry different types of sensors, thermographic camera (infrared) and visible-light airborne ground surveillance, intelligence systems (COMINT and ELINT) and various radar systems, totalling up to 250 kg. The Heron also helps the army in target acquisition for artillery guns.
India is eyeing to purchase 2 Phalcon airborne warning and control systems (AWACS) in a deal that is valued at $800 million (INR 5,600 crore) from Israel. The AWACS will be mounted on Russian Ilyushin-76 heavy-lift aircraft
Boeing has delivered the final Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) aircraft modernized with avionics and a digital cockpit to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in Manching, Germany. This delivery is the final of 14 and ensures NATO AWACS compliance with current and future air traffic control and navigation requirements, the company said in a statement Tuesday
Boeing has won $9.8 million modification contract for French Air Force E-3F, Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) fleet with 40 mission-computing software changes and 17 ground-system software changes
Saab successfully completed the first flight of its GlobalEye Airborne Early Warning & Control aircraft (AWACS) on March 14 in Linköping, Sweden. The aircraft, a modified Bombardier Global 6000 jet platform, undertook a 1 hour 46 minutes test flight collecting extensive flight-test data using the on-board instrumentation suite
Indias Defense Research and Development Organisation has made an offer to the Indian Air Force (IAF) to equip Airbus C-295 aircraft with upgraded Netra airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) system. On
The Indian Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) today confirmed shooting down a Pakistani F-16 fighter jet using an Indian Air Force MiG-21 while losing another MiG-21 during the engagement. “The Pakistan Air Force targeted Indian military installations this morning
The Indian Air Force has claimed to have shot down a Pakistan Air Force F-16 fighter jet in retaliatory fire 3 Kilometers within Pakistan territory in Nowshera sector. Pakistan has claimed to have shot down two Indian aircraft ‘inside Pakistani airspace early this morning after the Indian Air Force crossed the Line of Control, Pakistan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated claiming that it undertook the strikes across the LoC from within the Pakistani airspace
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