Russian ‘special-purpose’ nuclear-powered submarine Belgorod that will be the first carrier of Poseidon strategic underwater drones, was floated out at the Sevmash Shipyard on Tuesday, Russia media reported.
The Poseidon drones are meant to evade underwater defences and strike strategic targets with nuclear or conventional warheads. They can travel much further than conventional torpedoes and at higher speeds and greater depths.
TASS reported quoting an industry source that the tests of the submarine’s nuclear reactor and its dockside trials are scheduled for this year. The Belgorod is expected to enter naval service in 2020.
The new submarine would be able to carry six strategic underwater drones called Poseidon, a top-secret weapon announced by President Putin last year without giving any details.
Built under the Project 09852, the exact operational characteristics of the special-purpose submarine have been classified. Russia’s Defense Ministry reported in November 2018 that the Belgorod sub’s crew had been formed.
The underwater drone later named Poseidon was unveiled by Russian President Vladimir Putin in his State-of-the-Nation Address to the Federal Assembly on March 1, 2018.
The Russian leader said that Russia had already developed drones capable of moving at very large depths and to an intercontinental distance at a speed exceeding the speed of submarines by multiple times, the most advanced torpedoes and all types of surface ships. These drones can be armed with conventional or nuclear munitions.
The Belgorod submarine and Poseidon drones are meant to match US nuclear weapons delivery capability following the collapse of the treaty to limit nuclear arms between the two countries.
Ministry of Defense of Russia is planning to build new Borei-K nuclear submarines capable of carrying long-range cruise missiles, a source revealed on Saturday. “The ministry is looking into the possibility of building two more Borei-class submarines, equipped with long-range cruise missiles instead of ballistic ones
Russia has conducted a series of trials of a nuclear powered cruise missile Burevestnik at one of its facilities in January. The tests of the compact nuclear power unit for cruise missile Burevestnik have been successfully competed in Russia,
The Russian Navy plans to place more than 30 Poseidon strategic nuclear-capable underwater drones on combat duty. "Two Poseidon-carrying submarines are expected to enter service with the Northern Fleet and the other two will join the Pacific Fleet
Russia has started underwater trials of its nuclear-capable drone, ‘Poseidon capable of carrying both conventional and nuclear warheads. "In the sea area protected from a potential enemys reconnaissance means, the underwater trials of the nuclear propulsion unit of the Poseidon drone are underway,"
The United States is planning to draft new arms control treaties imposing new limits on Russia's nuclear arsenal and placing unprecedented limits on and verifying China's program, according to a report published Thursday. US President Donald Trump also unilaterally withdrew the US from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty, a ballistic missile pact with Russia that was intended to limit the possibility of nuclear war in Europe, according to the report by The Washington Post
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