Tariffs and other restrictions imposed on China’s high-tech industry last week are intended to guard the US military’s and the American defence industry’s technological advantage, a US publication has said.
An order signed by President Trump imposes tariffs on about $50 billion worth of specific products from China, authorizes filing a World Trade Organization case against China, and puts limits on Chinese investment in US technology companies to protect them from being forced to share intellectual property with Chinese partner firms, the semi-official USNI News reported.
“We have a tremendous intellectual property theft situation going on,” Trump said in a White House signing ceremony, explaining the reason for Thursday’s action.
US trade representative Robert Lighthizer said at the ceremony that China has a policy of forcing technology transfers between US companies and Chinese partners as part of doing business in the nation and acquiring U.S. technology through cyber theft.
Present at the White House signing ceremony was Marillyn Hewson, president and chief executive officer of Lockheed Martin, the defense contractor building the F-35 Lightning II Joint Strike Fighter, and is involved in various US Army, Navy and Air Force projects besides developing technology for several future weapons. Hewson said protecting intellectual property is “a critical area for the aerospace and defense industry.”
The US defence industry has in the past accused China of stealing technology to build some of its weapons systems such as the J-31 stealth fighter which looks surprisingly similar to the F-35, its Wing Loong attack and reconnaissance drones share a close resemblance to the American Predator drones.
Many US government officials have voiced concern that the gap between China and the US in terms of defence technology, is shrinking.
China on its part maintains that its defence technology is based on the ingenuity of its scientists and the determination of its government to make the country a leading military force of the 21st century.
China’s rising defense exports have caused a loss of market to the US and Europe. Beijing has become the world’s fifth leading defence exporter after the US, Russia, Germany and France. Its biggest customer is Pakistan and China has made inroads into Myanmar, Thailand and several African and Middle East countries.
Significantly, it exported its Wing Loong Drones to a Middle East nation, believed to be Saudi Arabia with certain technological features which the US was unwilling to certify for export.
Chinas improved naval variant of Shenyang J-31 "stealth" fighter is likely to become the main air superiority fighter aboard the country's aircraft carriers. The second J-31 has a number of improvements over the first one
Chinas indigenous Wing-Loong II reconnaissance and strike multi-role endurance Unmanned Aircraft System has completed its maiden flight. The UAS made its first appearance on the runway of a highland airfield in western China before conducting a 31-minute flight Monday
Chinas Chengdu Aircraft Corporation has introduced its second-generation Wing Loong II unmanned combat aerial vehicle (UCAV) at the Beijing Air Show earlier this month. The system is similar to the MQ-9 Reaper high-altitude long-endurance UCAV, which is manufactured by General Atomics primarily for the US Air Force, Sputnik International reported Friday
Chinas soon-to-be debuted J-31 fighter aircraft will be powered by the Russian-made RD-93 engine. Rosoboronexports Air Force Equipment Export Department Head Sergey Kornev, "J-31 with the Russian engine RD-93 is considered to be an export program, able to compete with the American F-35 fifth generation aircraft on the regional markets
China will present the J-31 stealth fighter at the 10th China International Aviation & Aerospace Exhibition on November 11, 2014 in Zhuhai and conduct a demonstration flight. According to Nanfang Daily, the J-31 stealth fighter is very likely to be put into mass production within five years, and has a big chance of being a carrier-borne type
As the F-35 fighter continues to grapple with cost overruns and technical issues concerning F-35 fighter jets, the spotlight falls on the Chinese J-20 and J-31 stealth aircraft, which may emerge as a low cost alternative to Americas most expensive military plane. “Pentagon officials continue to compare DODs progress (on the F-35) with that of the Chinese J-20 and J-31 stealth aircraft and their other capabilities”, a US Department of Defense release issued on June 13, 2014 said
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