Swedish Defense Research Agency, FOI in its recent report states that the range of the Russian S-400 Triumf air defence system and its capability to counter counter-measures is overrated.
According to the report, “Bursting the Bubble? Russia´s A2AD-Capabilities in the Baltic Sea Region”, published on Monday, FOI states that the actual range of the Russian S-400 anti-aircraft system, which is promoted as having a range of 400 kilometres, is actually 150-200 kilometres, the report stated.
A2/AD is a military buzzword for the ability to deter, at a distance, an enemy’s deployment in a geographic area.
“The S-400 air defence system is often claimed to have a 400-km range, but FOI’s technical experts estimate that the effective range against maneuvering targets at low altitude is much less, even down to 20 km for smaller targets hugging the terrain,” according to the report.
“In our report we establish that Russia’s A2/AD capability is less effective than what is claimed by either the Russian military or the Western press. For one thing, it’s more difficult than many people think to detect and strike a target that’s tens of kilometres away,” says Robert Dalsjö, Deputy Research Director at FOI, who wrote the report with Michael Jonsson.
The S-400 uses four missiles of different range capabilities: the very-long-range 40N6 (400 km), the long-range 48N6 (250 km), the medium-range 9M96E2 (120 km) and the short-range 9M96E (40 km).
According to the report, the missile with a purported 400-km range, the 40N6, is not yet operational and has been plagued by problems in development and testing. In its current configuration, the S-400 system should mainly be considered a threat to large high-value aircraft such as AWACS or transport aircraft at medium to high altitudes, out to a range of 200-250 km. In contrast, the effective range against agile fighter jets and cruise missiles operating at low altitudes can be as little 20- 35 km.
The report also analysed several possible countermeasures for Russian A2/AD-capabilities. Russian capabilities are mainly based on three systems: the S-400 anti-aircraft system, the Bastion anti-ship system, and the Iskander ballistic missile system for use against land targets.
There are several measures for countering A2/AD systems. Some are passive, such as flying around the coverage area of sensors, or stationing troops at a location in good time. Others are active countermeasures, both “soft,” in the form of electronic jamming or chaff dispersed from aircraft, and “hard,” where portions of overall capability are physically knocked out, the report stated.
“One can neutralise an entire system by knocking out just one link in a functional chain, for example a data link or fire-control radar. And since seeing over the horizon requires airborne radar, it may then be enough to shoot down the radar aircraft,” says Robert Dalsjö.
However, making Russia’s A2/AD capability into a manageable problem requires commitments, according to the report.
“Western armed forces have long been fighting against poorly equipped adversaries, such as for example the Taliban. Thus, capacity-building and investments are now required in areas such as electronic warfare, countermeasures and guided weapons,” concludes Dalsjö.
Qatar is in talks with Russia to acquire various Russian defense equipment, including the S-400 Triumf missile air defense system. "There is a discussion for procurement of various Russian equipment but there is no understanding as of yet as to this particular equipment (S-400)
Russia will supply China with new S-400 surface-to-air missile systems as a replacement for the ones that were damaged in a storm last year during the delivery process. “The contract was signed long ago and the order would have been completed by now
A Turkish official has confirmed that the delivery of the Russian-made S-400 air defense systems is expected to begin this year, Russias news agency TASS reported Friday
The United States will not supply Patriot anti-aircraft missile systems and F-35 fighter jets to Turkey if Ankara sticks to buying Russian S-400 missile defense systems, Turkish media reported Thursday. In December last year, the US State Department issued a notice of sale of Patriot Missile System to Turkey worth $3
The US has
Russian Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute (TsAGI) is studying flying conditions in Arctic to develop a single-rotor perspective high-speed helicopter with jet system for transport. TsAGI has developed a number of conceptual projects for a high-speed single-rotor helicopter for use in medical, rescue operations and maintenance of oil-producing platforms remote from the coastline or ships passing along the Northern Sea Route, the company said in a statement Monday
The Russian armed forces have received over 200 inter-continental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) that include both land-based and submarine-launched since 2012, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoidu said. In the past sx years, the Armed Forces have received 109 Yars ICBMs and 108 submarine-launched ballistic missiles, Shoigu was quoted as saying by
Russian engineers have equipped the Armata heavy armored vehicles with lavatories to provide comforts to the crew on long combat missions. "Armored tanks have provision for the crew to remain inside for longer durations with food and water supplies
Falco Xplorer, Leonardo’s Competitor to US Grey Eagle Drone makes First Flight...
Large Utility-Attack Drone Test-flown in China
Sea Ceptor Supersonic Missile Defence System Offered to Indian Navy
Iran Shot Ukrainian Plane Owing to F-35 Scare
Algeria In Talks With Russia for a Dozen Su-57 Jets
France “Obstructing” Turkey-Eurosam Missile Defence System Project: Turkish Official
Junked Railway Rake Mistook for Indian ICBM
Turkey All But Gives up on F-35 Jet Deal, Seeks Alternatives
Several joint production and direct procurement programs could be halted if the US and Europe carry through with their threat...
Sanctions-hit Iran has found ingenious ways to develop military hardware
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is rapidly permeating the defence industry to aid and improve human decision-making
Upgrade of Russias Sukhoi Su-30SM fighters to equip them with armaments, radar, sensors and engines from the more powerful Su-35...
US companies sanctioned by China for supplying weapons to Taiwan may be denied rare earth elements (REEs), which have critical...
While the US F-35 stealth aircraft has become one the fastest selling fighter jets in the world aircraft market, thanks...